Cover image for A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago style for students and researchers
A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago style for students and researchers
7th ed.
Publication Information:
Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Physical Description:
xviii, 466 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Chicago guides to writing, editing, and publishing
General Note:
"Portions of this book have been adapted from The Craft of Research, 2nd edition, by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams, 1995, 2003 by The University of Chicago; and from The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, 1982, 1993, 2003 by The University of Chicago."


Material Type
Shelf Number
Book 808 TUR 1
Book LB2369.T8 2007 C.3 1
Book LB2369.T8 2007 1

On Order



Dewey. Bellow. Strauss. Friedman. The University of Chicago has been the home of some of the most important thinkers of the modern age. But perhaps no name has been spoken with more respect than Turabian. The dissertation secretary at Chicago for decades, Kate Turabian literally wrote the book on the successful completion and submission of the student paper. Her Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations , created from her years of experience with research projects across all fields, has sold more than seven million copies since it was first published in 1937.

Now, with this seventh edition, Turabian's Manual has undergone its most extensive revision, ensuring that it will remain the most valuable handbook for writers at every level--from first-year undergraduates, to dissertation writers apprehensively submitting final manuscripts, to senior scholars who may be old hands at research and writing but less familiar with new media citation styles. Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the late Wayne C. Booth--the gifted team behind The Craft of Research --and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff combined their wide-ranging expertise to remake this classic resource. They preserve Turabian's clear and practical advice while fully embracing the new modes of research, writing, and source citation brought about by the age of the Internet.

Booth, Colomb, and Williams significantly expand the scope of previous editions by creating a guide, generous in length and tone, to the art of research and writing. Growing out of the authors' best-selling Craft of Research , this new section provides students with an overview of every step of the research and writing process, from formulating the right questions to reading critically to building arguments and revising drafts. This leads naturally to the second part of the Manual for Writers , which offers an authoritative overview of citation practices in scholarly writing, as well as detailed information on the two main citation styles ("notes-bibliography" and "author-date"). This section has been fully revised to reflect the recommendations of the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style and to present an expanded array of source types and updated examples, including guidance on citing electronic sources.

The final section of the book treats issues of style--the details that go into making a strong paper. Here writers will find advice on a wide range of topics, including punctuation, table formatting, and use of quotations. The appendix draws together everything writers need to know about formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and preparing them for submission. This material has been thoroughly vetted by dissertation officials at colleges and universities across the country.

This seventh edition of Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a classic reference revised for a new age. It is tailored to a new generation of writers using tools its original author could not have imagined--while retaining the clarity and authority that generations of scholars have come to associate with the name Turabian.

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

First published in 1937, Turabian's manual has been updated to reflect the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (2003) as well as the habits and needs of today's students.  The chapter on source citation now includes sections on online databases, e-books, and   informally published electonic sources.  A new and lengthy part 1, Researching and Writing: From Planning to Production, cautions researchers to  beware of Wikipedia and never cite it as an authoritative source.  Another caution: citation software may save time, but it is not a substitute for knowing the underlying principles of the style. --Quinn, Mary Ellen Copyright 2007 Booklist

Choice Review

The eighth edition of Turabian's manual (7th ed., CH, Oct'07, 45-0587) offers rules consistent with the mandates of the 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (CH, Jan'11, 48-2398). This edition's new graphic design updates the look and feel of this resource and further develops rules and advice for the use and citation of online sources. In addition to featuring new templates for citing e-books, websites, blogs, social networks, discussion groups, online videos, and podcasts, the eighth edition offers new general advice to help students make good decisions about what information to include for online sources that may not have all the traditional elements useful in citing a print source. Specifically, students should include enough information for a reader to discover the creators of the work, supply relevant identifying data, use publisher information, and describe where to find the information. The "Research and Writing: From Planning to Production" section has a new item on checking for blind spots in arguments, encouraging writers to explore alternative interpretations of evidence and address counterarguments. The discipline-specific bibliography of core reference works, bibliographies, and manuals includes new and updated works. The reproduced sample thesis and dissertation pages now reflect improved formatting options available in modern word-processing software. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty. P. Finley University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Table of Contents

A Note to Studentsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Part I Research and Writing: From Planning to ProductionWayne C. Booth and Gregory G. Colomb and Joseph M. Williams
Overview of Part Ip. 3
1 What Research Is and How Researchers Think about Itp. 5
1.1 How Researchers Think about Their Aims
1.2 Three Kinds of Questions That Researchers Ask
2 Moving from a Topic to a Question to a Working Hypothesisp. 12
2.1 Find a Question in Your Topic
2.2 Propose Some Working Answers
2.3 Build a Storyboard to Plan and Guide Your Work
2.4 Organize a Writing Support Group
3 Finding Useful Sourcesp. 24
3.1 Understand the Kinds of Sources Readers Expect You to Use
3.2 Record Your Sources Fully, Accurately, and Appropriately
3.3 Search for Sources Systematically
3.4 Evaluate Sources for Relevance and Reliability
3.5 Look beyond the Usual Kinds of References
4 Engaging Sourcesp. 36
4.1 Read Generously to Understand, Then Critically to Engage and Evaluate
4.2 Take Notes Systematically
4.3 Take Useful Notes
4.4 Write as You Read
4.5 Review Your Progress
4.6 Manage Moments of Normal Panic
5 Planning Your Argumentp. 48
5.1 What a Research Argument Is and Is Not
5.2 Build Your Argument around Answers to Readers' Questions
5.3 Turn Your Working Hypothesis into a Claim
5.4 Assemble the Elements of Your Argument
5.5 Distinguish Arguments Based on Evidence from Arguments Based on Warrants
5.6 Assemble an Argument
6 Planning a First Draftp. 62
6.1 Avoid Unhelpful Plans
6.2 Create a Plan That Meets Your Readers' Needs
6.3 File Away Leftovers
7 Drafting Your Reportp. 71
7.1 Draft in the Way That Feels Most Comfortable
7.2 Develop Productive Drafting Habits
7.3 Use Your Key Terms to Keep Yourself on Track
7.4 Quote, Paraphrase, and Summarize Appropriately
7.5 Integrate Quotations into Your Text
7.6 Use Footnotes and Endnotes Judiciously
7.7 Interpret Complex or Detailed Evidence before You Offer It
7.8 Be Open to Surprises
7.9 Guard against Inadvertent Plagiarism
7.10 Guard against Inappropriate Assistance
7.11 Work through Chronic Procrastination and Writer's Block
8 Presenting Evidence in Tables and Figuresp. 82
8.1 Choose Verbal or Visual Representations
8.2 Choose the Most Effective Graphic
8.3 Design Tables and Figures
8.4 Communicate Data Ethically
9 Revising Your Draftp. 98
9.1 Check Your Introduction, Conclusion, and Claim
9.2 Make Sure the Body of Your Report Is Coherent
9.3 Check Your Paragraphs
9.4 Let Your Draft Cool, Then Paraphrase It
10 Writing Your Final Introduction and Conclusionp. 102
10.1 Draft Your Final Introduction
10.2 Draft Your Final Conclusion
10.3 Write Your Title Last
11 Revising Sentencesp. 109
11.1 Focus on the First Seven or Eight Words of a Sentence
11.2 Diagnose What You Read
11.3 Choose the Right Word
11.4 Polish It Off
11.5 Give It Up and Print It Out
12 Learning from Your Returned Paperp. 120
12.1 Find General Principles in Specific Comments
12.2 Talk to Your Instructor
13 Presenting Research in Alternative Forumsp. 122
13.1 Plan Your Oral Presentation
13.2 Design Your Presentation to Be Listened To
13.3 Plan Your Poster Presentation
13.4 Plan Your Conference Proposal
14 On the Spirit of Researchp. 129
Part II Source Citation
15 General Introduction to Citation Practicesp. 133
15.1 Reasons for Citing Your Sources
15.2 The Requirements of Citation
15.3 Two Citation Styles
15.4 Citation of Electronic Sources
15.5 Preparation of Citations
15.6 A Word on Citation Software
16 Notes-Bibliography Style: The Basic Formp. 141
16.1 Basic Patterns
16.2 Bibliographies
16.3 Notes
16.4 Short Forms for Notes
17 Notes-Bibliography Style: Citing Specific Types of Sourcesp. 160
17.1 Books
17.2 Journal Articles
17.3 Magazine Articles
17.4 Newspaper Articles
17.5 Additional Types of Published Sources
17.6 Unpublished Sources
17.7 Informally Published Electronic Sources
17.8 Sources in the Visual and Performing Arts
17.9 Public Documents
17.10 One Source Quoted in Another
18 Parenthetical Citations-Reference List Style: The Basic Formp. 216
18.1 Basic Patterns
18.2 Reference Lists
18.3 Parenthetical Citations
19 Parenthetical Citations-Reference List Style: Citing Specific Types of Sourcesp. 227
19.1 Books
19.2 Journal Articles
19.3 Magazine Articles
19.4 Newspaper Articles
19.5 Additional Types of Published Sources
19.6 Unpublished Sources
19.7 Informally Published Electronic Sources
19.8 Sources in the Visual and Performing Arts
19.9 Public Documents
19.10 One Source Quoted in Another
Part III Style
20 Spellingp. 283
20.1 Plurals
20.2 Possessives
20.3 Compounds and Words Formed with Prefixes
20.4 Line Breaks
21 Punctuationp. 295
21.1 Period
21.2 Comma
21.3 Semicolon
21.4 Colon
21.5 Question Mark
21.6 Exclamation Point
21.7 Hyphen and Dashes
21.8 Parentheses and Brackets
21.9 Slashes
21.10 Quotation Marks
21.11 Multiple Punctuation Marks
22 Names, Special Terms, and Titles of Worksp. 308
22.1 Names
22.2 Special Terms
22.3 Titles of Works
23 Numbersp. 318
23.1 Words or Numerals?
23.2 Plurals and Punctuation
23.3 Date Systems
23.4 Numbers Used outside the Text
24 Abbreviationsp. 331
24.1 General Principles
24.2 Names and Titles
24.3 Geographical Terms
24.4 Time and Dates
24.5 Units of Measure
24.6 The Bible and Other Sacred Works
24.7 Abbreviations in Citations and Other Scholarly Contexts
25 Quotationsp. 347
25.1 Quoting Accurately and Avoiding Plagiarism
25.2 Incorporating Quotations into Your Text
25.3 Modifying Quotations
26 Tables and Figuresp. 359
26.1 General Issues
26.2 Tables
26.3 Figures
Appendix Paper Format and Submissionp. 373
A.1 General Format Requirements
A.2 Format Requirements for Specific Elements
A.3 Submission Requirements
Bibliographyp. 409
Authorsp. 437
Indexp. 439