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Publication manual of the American Psychological Association.
6th ed.
Publication Information:
Washington, DC : American Psychological Association, c2010.

Physical Description:
xviii, 272 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
List of tables and figures -- Foreword -- Preface -- Introduction -- Organization of the sixth edition -- Specific changes in the sixth edition -- How to use the publication manual -- 1: Writing For The Behavioral And Social Sciences -- Types of Articles -- Empirical studies -- Literature reviews -- Theoretical articles -- Methodological articles -- Case studies -- Other types of articles -- Ethical and legal standards in publishing -- Ensuring the accuracy of scientific knowledge -- Ethical reporting of research results -- Data retention and sharing -- Duplicate and piecemeal publication of data -- Plagiarism and self-plagiarism -- Protection the rights and welfare of research participants -- Rights and confidentiality of research participants -- Conflict of interest -- Protecting intellectual property rights -- Publication credit -- Reviewers -- Author's copyright on an unpublished manuscript -- Planning for ethical compliance -- 2: Manuscript Structure And Content -- Journal article reporting standards -- Manuscript elements -- Title -- Author's name (byline) and institutional affiliation -- Author note -- Abstract -- Introduction -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Multiple experiments -- Meta-analyses -- References -- Footnotes -- Appendices and supplemental materials -- Sample papers -- 3: Writing Clearly And Concisely -- Organization -- Length -- Organizing a manuscript with headings -- Levels of heading -- Seriation -- Writing style -- Continuity in presentation of ideas -- Smoothness of expression -- Tone -- Economy of expression -- Precision and clarity -- Linguistic devices -- Strategies to improve writing style -- Reducing bias in language -- General guidelines for reducing bias -- Guideline 1: Describe at the appropriate level of specificity -- Guideline 2: Be sensitive to labels -- Guideline 3: Acknowledge participation -- Reducing bias by topic -- Gender -- Sexual orientation -- Racial and ethnic identity -- Disabilities -- Age -- Historical and interpretive inaccuracies -- Grammar and usages -- Verbs -- Agreement of subject and verb -- Pronouns -- Misplaced and dangling modifiers and use of adverbs -- Relative pronouns and subordinate conjunctions -- Parallel construction -- 4: Mechanics Of Style -- Punctuation -- Spacing after punctuation marks -- Period -- Comma -- Semicolon -- Colon -- Dash -- Quotation marks -- Double or single quotation marks -- Parentheses -- Brackets -- Slash -- Spelling -- Preferred spelling -- Hyphenation -- Capitalization -- Words beginning a sentence -- Major words in title and headings -- Proper nouns and trade names -- Nouns followed by numerals or letters -- Title of tests -- Names of conditions or groups in an experiment -- Names of factors, variables, and effects -- Italics -- Use of italics -- Abbreviations -- Use of abbreviations -- Explanation of abbreviations -- Abbreviations accepted as words -- Abbreviations used often in APA journals -- Latin abbreviations -- Scientific abbreviations -- Other abbreviations -- Plurals of abbreviations -- Abbreviations beginning a sentence -- Numbers -- Numbers expressed in numerals -- Numbers expressed in words -- Combining numerals and words to express numbers -- Ordinal numbers -- Decimal fractions -- Roman numerals -- Commas in numbers -- Plurals of numbers -- Metrication -- Policy on metrication -- Style for metric units -- Statistical and mathematical copy -- Selecting effective presentation -- References for statistics -- Formulas -- Statistics in text --Statistical symbols -- Spacing, alignment, and punctuation -- Equations -- Equations in text -- Displayed equations -- Preparing statistical and mathematical copy -- 5: Displaying Results -- General guidance on table and figures -- Purposes of data displays -- Design and preparation of a data display -- Graphical versus textual presentation -- Formatting tables and figures -- Table and figure numbers -- Permission to reproduce data displays -- Tables -- Conciseness in tables -- Table layout -- Standard forms -- Relation of tables and text -- Relation between tables -- Table titles -- Table headings -- Table body -- Continence intervals in tables -- Table notes -- Ruling of tables -- Presenting data in specific types of tables -- Table checklist -- Figures -- Principles of figure use and construction -- Types of figures -- Standards for figures -- Figure legends and captions -- Planning figures -- Preparation of figures -- Presenting electrophysiological, radiological, and other biological data -- Electrophysiological data -- Radiological (imaging) data -- Genetic data -- Photographs -- Figure checklist -- 6: Crediting Sources -- When to cite -- Plagiarism -- Self-plagiarism -- Quoting and paraphrasing -- Direct quotation of sources -- Paraphrasing material -- Direct quotations of online material without pagination -- Accuracy of quotations -- Changes from the source requiring no explanation -- changes from the source requiring explanation -- Citations within quotations -- Permission to quote, reprint, or adapt -- Citing references in text -- One work by one author -- One work by multiple authors -- Groups as authors -- Authors with the same surname -- Works with no identified author or with an anonymous author -- Two or more works within the same parentheses -- Secondary sources -- Classical works -- Citing specific parts of a source -- Personal communications -- Citations in parenthetical material -- Reference list -- Construction of an accurate and complete reference list -- Consistency -- Using the archival copy or version of record -- Order of references in the reference list -- References included in a meta-analysis -- Reference components -- Author and editor information -- Publication date -- Title -- Publication information -- Electronic sources and locator information -- providing publication data for electronic sources -- 7: Reference Examples -- Types and variations -- Examples of type -- Periodicals -- Books, reference books, and book chapters -- Technical and research reports -- Meetings and symposia -- Doctoral dissertations and master's theses -- Reviews and peer commentary -- Audiovisual media -- Data sets, software, measurement instruments, and apparatus -- Unpublished and informally published works -- Archival documents and collections -- Internet message boards, electronic mailing lists, and other online communities -- Appendix 7-1: References to legal materials -- General forms -- Text citations of legal materials -- Court decisions (bluebook rule) -- Statutes (bluebook rule 12) -- Legislative materials (bluebook rule 13) -- Administrative and executive materials (bluebook rule 14) -- Patents -- 8: Publication Process -- Editorial process -- Peer review -- Manuscript acceptance or rejection -- Author responsibilities -- Preparing the manuscript for submission -- Complying with ethical, legal, and policy requirements -- Publisher policy requirements -- Working with the publisher when the manuscript has been accepted -- Checklist for manuscript submission -- Appendix: Journal article reporting standards (JARS), Meta-analysis reporting standards (MARS), and flow of participants through each stage of an experiment or Quasi-experiment -- References -- Index.
From the Publisher: With millions of copies sold, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration, and other disciplines in which effective communication with words and data is fundamental. In addition to providing clear guidance on grammar, the mechanics of writing, and APA style, the Publication Manual offers an authoritative and easy-to-use reference and citation system and comprehensive coverage of the treatment of numbers, metrication, statistical and mathematical data, tables, and figures for use in writing, reports, or presentations. The new edition has been revised and updated to include: The latest guidelines and examples for referencing electronic and online sources; New and revised guidelines for submitting papers electronically; Improved guidelines for avoiding plagiarism; Simplified formatting guidelines for writers using up-to-date word-processing software; All new guidelines for presenting case studies; Improved guidelines for the construction of tables; Updates on copyright and permissions issues for writers. New reference examples for audiovisual media and patents; An expanded and improved index for quick and easy access; Writers, scholars, and professionals will also find: New guidelines on how to choose text, tables, or figures to present data; Guidelines for writing cover letters for submitting articles for publication, plus a sample letter; Expanded guidelines on the retention of raw data; New advice on establishing written agreements for the use of shared data; New information on the responsibilities of co-authors.
Added Corporate Author:


Material Type
Shelf Number
Item Note
Book PN171.F56 P83 2010 1
Reference book PN171.F56 P83 2010 1
Reference book AC1.P83 2010 C.3 1
Reference book AC1.P83 2010 C.2 1
Book AC1.P83 2010 1
Book 808.06615 PUB 1
Reference book BF76.7.P83 2010 1
Reference book BF76.7.P83 2010 1 .SOURCE. ING,130080

On Order



The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioural sciences. It provides invaluable guidance on all aspects of the writing process, from the ethics of authorship to the word choice that best reduces bias in language. Well-known for its authoritative and easy-to-use reference and citation system, the Publication Manual also offers guidance on choosing the headings, tables, figures and tone that will result in strong, simple, and elegant scientific communication.

The Sixth Edition offers new and expanded instruction on publication ethics, statistics, journal article reporting standards, electronic reference formats, and the construction of tables and figures.

The Sixth Edition has been revised and updated to include

new ethics guidance on such topics as determining authorship and terms of collaboration, duplicate publication, plagiarism and self-plagiarism, disguising of participants, validity of instrumentation, and making data available to others for verification; new journal article reporting standards to help readers report empirical research with clarity and precision; simplified APA heading style to make it more conducive to electronic publication; updated guidelines for reducing bias in language to reflect current practices and preferences, including a new section on presenting historical language that is inappropriate by present standards; new guidelines for reporting inferential statistics and a significantly revised table of statistical abbreviations new instruction on using supplemental files containing lengthy data sets and other media; significantly expanded content on the electronic presentation of data to help readers understand the purpose of each kind of display and choose the best match for communicating the results of the investigation, with new examples for a variety of data displays, including electrophysiological and biological data; consolidated information on all aspects of reference citations, with an expanded discussion of electronic sources emphasising the role of the digital object identifier (DOI) as a reliable way to locate information; and expanded discussion of the publication process, including the function and process of peer review; a discussion of ethical, legal, and policy requirements in publication; and guidelines on working with the publisher while the article is in press.

Key to this edition of the Publication Manual is an updated and expanded Web presence. Visit the APA Style web site to

Look up additional supplemental material keyed to the book Test your knowledge of APA Style with a free tutorial on style basics Learn about the changes in the sixth edition with a free tutorial reviewing key revisions Sign up for an on-line course to enrich and enhance your understanding of APA Style Read the APA Style blog and share your comments on writing and referencing Consult frequently asked questions to sharpen your understanding of APA Style Examine additional resources on such topics as ethics, statistics, and writing Familiarise yourself with submission standards for APA books and journals

What''s New in the Sixth Edition?

Book has been updated to acknowledge and incorporate advances in computer technology.

New discussions of the creation, submission, and storage of supplemental data. New guidelines for referencing electronic sources. New and expanded reference examples for a variety of on-line sources. Redesigned APA Style website, expanded to provide tutorials, on-line courses, and other resources for learning APA style.

Book has been reorganised and streamlined for ease of use

Organised to describe the writing process from idea to publication, it begins with background information on ethical issues in publishing, then moves on to manuscript structure and content, then writing style and rules, then graphics and references, then guidance on working with the publisher. Sample paper section has been moved up and featured to better exemplify manuscript structure and content Like discussions have been moved to one place in the book, with discussions of function followed by instruction on form.

Focus has been broadened to include readers in the behavioural and social sciences.

Information specific to APA has been moved to the web, where it is more broadly accessible and can be updated frequently. New examples throughout the book have been drawn from publications in education, business, and nursing as well as psychology.

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