Cover image for Dickens, his parables, and his reader
Dickens, his parables, and his reader
Publication Information:
Columbia [Mo.] ; London : University of Missouri Press, c2011.

Physical Description:
xi, 295 p.
Wakashan languages
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Material Type
Shelf Number
Ebook XX(1486703.1) 1

On Order



Charles Dickens once commented that in each of his Christmas stories there is "an express text preached on . . . always taken from the lips of Christ." This preaching, Linda M. Lewis contends, does not end with his Christmas stories but extends throughout the body of his work. In Dickens, His Parables, and His Reader , Lewis examines parable and allegory in nine of Dickens's novels as an entry into understanding the complexities of the relationship between Dickens and his reader. Through the combination of rhetorical analysis of religious allegory and cohesive study of various New Testament parables upon which Dickens based the themes of his novels, Lewis provides new interpretations of the allegory in his novels while illuminating Dickens's religious beliefs. Specifically, she alleges that Dickens saw himself as valued friend and moral teacher to lead his "dear reader" to religious truth. Dickens's personal gospel was that behavior is far more important than strict allegiance to any set of beliefs, and it is upon this foundation that we see allegory activated in Dickens's characters. Oliver Twist and The Old Curiosity Shop exemplify the Victorian "cult of childhood" and blend two allegorical texts: Jesus's Good Samaritan parable and John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress . In Dombey and Son ,Dickens chooses Jesus's parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders. In the autobiographical David Copperfield , Dickens engages his reader through an Old Testament myth and a New Testament parable: the expulsion from Eden and the Prodigal Son, respectively. Led by his belief in and desire to preach his social gospel and broad church Christianity, Dickens had no hesitation in manipulating biblical stories and sermons to suit his purposes. Bleak House is Dickens's apocalyptic parable about the Day of Judgment, while Little Dorrit echoes the line "Forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors" from the Lord's Prayer, illustrating through his characters that only through grace can all debt be erased. The allegory of the martyred savior is considered in Hard Times and A Tale of Two Cities . Dickens's final completed novel, Our Mutual Friend , blends the parable of the Good and Faithful Servant with several versions of the Heir Claimant parable. While some recent scholarship debunks the sincerity of Dickens's religious belief, Lewis clearly demonstrates that Dickens's novels challenge the reader to investigate and develop an understanding of New Testament doctrine. Dickens saw his relationship with his reader as a crucial part of his storytelling, and through his use and manipulation of allegory and parables, he hoped to influence the faith and morality of that reader.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

This book shows how Dickens used Christian parables in nine of his novels--Oliver Twist, The Old Curiosity Shop, Dombey and Son, David Copperfield, Bleak House, Little Dorrit, Hard Times, A Tale of Two Cities, and Our Mutual Friend--and how the Victorian reader likely received them. Lewis (English, Bethany College) argues that in using parables Dickens was able to establish a "collaboration" with his reader and illustrate familiar religious teachings. In addition to the novels, the author draws on Dickens's journalistic writings and especially The Life of Our Lord (1849), a condensation of the four gospels Dickens wrote for his children. Lewis's thesis stands in contrast to an earlier study of Dickens's religion, Janet Larson's Dickens and the Broken Scripture (1985). The author presents a well-researched, fully documented, and convincing analysis and, for those wishing to do further reading, provides a comprehensive bibliography of studies of Dickens's religion. Summing Up: Recommended. All readers. J. D. Vann emeritus, University of North Texas