Cover image for Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on intellect their cosmologies, theories of the active intellect, and theories of human intellect
Title:
Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on intellect their cosmologies, theories of the active intellect, and theories of human intellect
Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, 1992.
ISBN:
9780195074239
Physical Description:
x, 363 p.
Language:
English
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Summary

Summary

A study of problems, all revolving around the subject of intellect in the philosophies of Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, this book starts by reviewing discussions in Greek and early Arabic philosophy which served as the background for the three Arabic thinkers. Davidson examines thecosmologies and theories of human and active intellect in the three philosophers and covers such subjects as: the emanation of the supernal realm from the First Cause; the emanation of the lower world from the transcendent active intellect; stages of human intellect; illumination of the humanintellect by the transcendent active intellect; conjunction of the human intellect with the transcendent active intellect; prophecy; and human immortality. Davidson shows that medieval Jewish philosophers and the Latin Scholastics had differing perceptions of Averroes because they happened to useworks belonging to different periods of his philosophic career.


Table of Contents

1. Introductionp. 3
2. Greek and Arabic Antecedentsp. 7
Stages of Human Intellectp. 9
The Kind of Entity That the Active Intellect Isp. 13
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Human Thoughtp. 18
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existencep. 29
Conjunction with the Active Intellect; Immortalityp. 34
3. Alfarabi on Emanation, the Active Intellect, and Human Intellectp. 44
Al-Madina al-Fadila and al-Siyasa al-Madaniyyap. 44
Alfarabi's Philosophy of Aristotlep. 63
The Risala fi al-Aqlp. 65
Alfarabi's Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethicsp. 70
Concluding Notep. 73
4. Avicenna on Emanation, the Active Intellect, and Human Intellectp. 74
The Emanation of the Universe; the Active Intellect as a Cause of the Existence of the Sublunar Worldp. 74
Stages of Human Intellect; the Active Intellect as the Cause of Human Thoughtp. 83
Imagination, Cogitation, Insightp. 95
Conjunction and Immortalityp. 103
Prophecyp. 116
Summaryp. 124
5. Reverberations of the Theories of Alfarabi and Avicennap. 127
Avicenna's Islamic Successorsp. 127
Reverberations in Medieval Jewish Philosophyp. 180
Reverberations in Scholastic Philosophyp. 209
Summaryp. 218
6. Averroes on Emanation and on the Active Intellect as a Cause of Existencep. 220
General Considerationsp. 220
The Emanation of the Universep. 223
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence: Epitomes of the Parva naturalia and the Metaphysicsp. 232
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence: The Commentary on De generatione animaliump. 242
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence: The Long Commentary on the Metaphysics and Tahafut al-Tahafut (Destructio destructionum)p. 245
Summaryp. 254
7. Averroes on the Material Intellectp. 258
Introductionp. 258
The Epitome of the De anima and the Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunctionp. 265
A Minor Composition on Conjunction and the Middle Commentary on the De animap. 274
Averroes' Long Commentary on the De anima and his Commentary on Alexander's De intellectup. 282
Summaryp. 295
Averroes' Theories of Material Intellect as Reflected in Subsequent Jewish and Christian Thoughtp. 298
8. Averroes on the Active Intellect as the Cause of Human Thoughtp. 315
The Passage of the Human Intellect to Actualityp. 315
The Possibility of Conjunction with the Active Intellect; Immortalityp. 321
Prophecyp. 340
Averroes' Shifting Picture of the Universe and of Man's Place in Itp. 351
Indexp. 357