Cover image for Burton Barr : political leadership and the transformation of Arizona
Title:
Burton Barr : political leadership and the transformation of Arizona
Publication Information:
Tucson : The University of Arizona Press, 2014.
ISBN:
9780816530571
Physical Description:
xiv, 257 pages ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Foreword / by Senator Alfredo Gutierrez -- Prologue: Understanding Burton Barr : Biography, Leadership, and the Transformation of Western Politics -- Burton Barr -- History and Biography -- Political Leadership -- Parties, Principles, and Pragmatism -- The Context: The West and Western Politics -- The Impact of Western Politics and Politicians -- The West, Arizona, and Burton Barr -- 1. Making the Man and Raising the Barr -- 2. Making a Life : Businessman, Peacetime Soldier, and Family Life -- 3. A Beginning Politician and a Changing Political World -- 4. Legislative Leadership -- 5. Burton Barr and Policy Making in Arizona -- Conclusion: Burton Barr as a Policy Maker -- 6. Leaving the Legislature and Running for Governor -- 7. An Itch to Serve : Life after the Legislature -- Essay on Sources.
Abstract:
"Politics, like poker, requires timing and risk, and Burton Barr of Arizona knew it. The deal maker of Arizona politics would say, 'You gotta know when to hold them.' For more than two decades, Barr played his political cards with skill as he led Arizona through an era of enormous growth and success. Considered perhaps the most influential person in Arizona's political development, Burton Barr represented north central Phoenix in the Arizona House of Representatives for the twenty-two years from 1964 to 1986. As the Republican House Majority Leader for twenty of those years, he left his fingerprints on every major piece of legislation during those decades, covering such issues as air pollution, health care for indigents, school aid, the tax code, prison reform, child care, groundwater management, and freeway funding. Burton Barr's political life unfolded during the very time his state and region shifted from being outliers to trendsetters. His choices in policy making and his leadership style were both an outcome and a creator of his sociopolitical environment. Arizona politics in the 1960s and '70s was a rich brew of key elements, a time when the economy was being transformed, the nature and distribution of populations shifted, partisan politics were in flux, and the very lifeblood of the West--water--was being contested under increasing pressures of usage and depletion. How Barr successfully responded to those challenges is the story of Arizona's development during those years. At the heart of it, Barr's political life and personality are inextricably bound up with the life of the West"-- Provided by publisher.

"Arizona House Majority Leader Burton Barr's leadership style not only illuminated his personality and ideas, but also explained the larger political development of Arizona. Barr's career is instructive because of his considerable success, the criticism it engendered, and the forces he contested, all taking place during an era of significant change"--Provided by publisher.
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Summary

Summary

Politics, like poker, requires timing and risk, and Burton Barr of Arizona knew it. The deal maker of Arizona politics would say, "You gotta know when to hold them." For more than two decades, Barr played his political cards with skill as he led Arizona through an era of enormous growth and success.

Considered perhaps the most influential person in Arizona's political development, Burton Barr represented north central Phoenix in the Arizona House of Representatives for the twenty-two years from 1964 to 1986. As the Republican House Majority Leader for twenty of those years, he left his fingerprints on every major piece of legislation during those decades, covering such issues as air pollution, health care for indigents, school aid, the tax code, prison reform, child care, groundwater management, and freeway funding.

Burton Barr's political life unfolded during the very time his state and region shifted from being outliers to trendsetters. His choices in policy making and his leadership style were both an outcome and a creator of his sociopolitical environment. Arizona politics in the 1960s and '70s was a rich brew of key elements, a time when the economy was being transformed, the nature and distribution of populations shifted, partisan politics were in flux, and the very lifeblood of the West--water--was being contested under increasing pressures of usage and depletion.

How Barr successfully responded to those challenges is the story of Arizona's development during those years. At the heart of it, Barr's political life and personality are inextricably bound up with the life of the West.


Table of Contents

Alfredo Gutierrez
List of Illustrationsp. viii
Forewordp. x
Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introduction. Understanding Burton Barrp. 3
Burton Barrp. 6
History and Biographyp. 7
Political Leadershipp. 10
Parties, Principles, and Pragmatismp. 12
The Context: The West and Western Politicsp. 14
The Impact of Western Politics and Politiciansp. 16
The West, Arizona, and Burton Barrp. 18
1 Making the Man and Raising the Barrp. 21
Family Backgroundp. 22
New Beginnings: Portlandp. 25
Hy Barr and Portland Educationp. 26
The Barr Familyp. 29
Life in the Military, 1940-1942p. 32
Going to Warp. 35
Home, Family, the Army, and the Making of Burton Barrp. 40
2 Making a Life as a Businessman, Peacetime Soldier, and Family Manp. 43
Working in Civilian Lifep. 44
Staying with the Military: Service in the Reservep. 49
A Political Turnp. 51
A Changing Lifep. 54
Family Manp. 56
Moving into a Political Lifep. 60
3 Arizona's Political Structure, Legislative Stalemate, and the Beginning of Reformp. 62
The Historical Roots of Arizona and Its Politicsp. 63
The Social Basis of Arizona Politicsp. 64
The First Stage of Arizona Government and Politicsp. 66
Political Change and Continuity in Postwar Arizonap. 68
The Legislative Arenap. 71
The Historical Role of State Legislaturesp. 72
The Arizona Legislaturep. 73
Political Factions, Power, and Legislative Organizationp. 75
Legislative Inaction, Conflict, and Leadershipp. 79
Reapportionmentp. 85
Barr Enters the Legislaturep. 87
4 Legislative Leadershipp. 90
The Traits of Leadershipp. 92
Burton Bans Character and Skillsp. 92
The Techniques of Legislative Leadership: Personal and Performancep. 97
Winning Friends and Influencing People: Techniques for Getting Supportp. 101
Strategy and Leadershipp. 107
Leadership, Values, and Conflictp. 112
Assessing Leadership and the Legislaturep. 118
The Impact of Situation on Leadershipp. 119
Legislators and the Challenge of Legislative Servicep. 119
The Importance of Legislative Structurep. 122
Managing Legislative Businessp. 125
Legislative Partners: Conservatives, Democrats, and Senatorsp. 129
The Struggle for Leadership: Ban versus Babbittp. 135
Burton Ban and Legislative Leadershipp. 139
5 Burton Barr and Policy-Making in Arizonap. 142
Understanding Barr's Policy Leadershipp. 143
Redesigning Government: The First Stepsp. 146
Reconstructing State Governmentp. 149
Fixing Taxesp. 151
The Rise and Fall of Property Taxesp. 154
Caring for Health Carep. 158
From Medicaid to AHCCCSp. 162
Waterp. 166
Air Pollution and Environmental Planningp. 169
Education and Mental Healthp. 173
Laws and Order, Crime and Punishmentp. 175
Conclusion: Burton Barr as a Policymakerp. 176
6 Leaving the Legislature and Running for Governorp. 179
Thinking about Runningp. 180
Starting to Runp. 184
The Race is Onp. 187
A Troubled Campaignp. 190
The Plot Thickens: Evan Mecham Enters the Contestp. 194
The Failed Campaign and the Lost Electionp. 198
Power, Campaigns, and Historyp. 201
7 An Itch to Serve: Life after the Legislaturep. 204
Living with Lossp. 205
Working with the Legislature Still, Very Stillp. 206
New Challengesp. 209
Final Daysp. 213
Final Words and Larger Meaningsp. 214
Notesp. 221
Essay on Sourcesp. 238
Indexp. 249